J.L. Hueso, J.P. Espinós, A. Caballero, J. Cotrino, A.R. González-Elipe
Carbon, 45 (2007) 89-96
doi: 10.1016/j.carbon.2006.07.021

The interaction of graphite with plasmas of pure gases (O2, N2 or H2O), air or mixtures of gases containing NO has been studied by XPS “in situ” analysis. Depending on the type of plasma, different species of nitrogen, oxygen and carbon have been detected on the surface of graphite. The nitrogen containing species have been attributed to pyridinic, pyrrol, quartenary and oxidized groups adsorbed on the surface. The evolution with the treatment time of the relative intensity of the different nitrogen bands for Ar + NO, N2 + NO, air or N2 plasmas has served to propose a model accounting for the reactions of graphite with plasmas of NO containing gases. The model explains why carbon materials (in the form of graphite, soot particles, etc.) can be very effective for the removal of the NO present in exhaust combustion gases excited by a plasma. The analysis of the C1s and O1s photoemission peaks reveals the formation of C/O adsorbed species up to a maximum concentration on the surface of around 10% atomic oxygen. A general evolution is the progressive formation of C/O species where the carbon is sp3 hybridized. This tendency is enhanced when graphite is treated with the plasma of water.

XPS investigation of the reaction of carbon with NO, O2, N2 and H2O plasmas
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