J. Gil-Rostra, F.J. García-García, F.J. Ferrer, A.R. González-Elipe, F. Yubero
Thin Solid Films, 591 (2015) 330-335
doi: 10.1016/j.tsf.2015.01.058

Several mixed oxide thin film series of samples (Si–Co–O, Si–Ni–O, Si–W–O) have been prepared by reactive magnetron sputtering at oblique angle geometries. The paper focuses on the description of microstructure of the films as a function of their stoichiometry. It is found that for identical process parameters (gas mixture, pressure, magnetron-substrate distance, incidence angle of the vapour flux, etc.) the tilt angle of the developed columnar microstructure and the film porosity is strongly dependent on the stoichiometry of the films. The results are discussed in the framework of several theoretical models on this topic.

Microstructure of mixed oxide thin films prepared by magnetron sputtering at oblique angles
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