F.J. García-García, J. Gil-Rostra, F. Yubero, J.P. Espinós, A.R. González-Elipe, J. Chaboy
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 119 (2015) 644-652
doi: 10.1021/jp508377v

This work reports a X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) study under “in operando” conditions of the structural and chemical changes undergone by WO3 and WxSiyOz thin films used as electrochromic cathodes. The electrochromic films were prepared by magnetron sputtering deposition at oblique angles and then characterized by a large variety of techniques. The voltammograms and chronoamperometric diagrams in both aqueous and organic electrolyte media revealed a total reversibility of the electrochromic behavior, a low response time, and a high coloration efficiency for the two types of thin films. The “in operando” X-ray absorption study of the films working in aqueous solutions revealed that when they were electrochemically cycled the average W–O distances reversibly varied by a Δd of 0.06 and 0.08 Å for, respectively, WO3and WxSiyOz. These changes are discussed by assuming the reduction of W6+ cations and the transformation of W═O double bonds into single W–O bond structures during the electrochemical cycling of the films.


“In Operando” X‑ray Absorption Spectroscopy Analysis of Structural Changes During Electrochemical Cycling of WO3 and WxSiyOz Amorphous Electrochromic Thin Film Cathodes